By Juliet Clutton-Brock
Drawing at the most recent examine in archaeozoology, archaeology, and molecular biology, Animals as Domesticates lines the heritage of the domestication of animals world wide. From the llamas of South the US and the turkeys of North the US, to the livestock of India and the Australian dingo, this interesting publication explores the background of the advanced relationships among people and their family animals. With professional perception into the organic and cultural methods of domestication, Clutton-Brock indicates how the human intuition for nurturing could have reworked relationships among predator and prey, and she or he explains how animals became partners, cattle, and workers. The altering face of domestication is traced from the unfold of the earliest farm animals round the Neolithic outdated international via historic Egypt, the Greek and Roman empires, South East Asia, and as much as the fashionable commercial age.
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Extra resources for Animals as Domesticates: A World View through History
The Kebaran period was a time of high productivity for humans, animals, and plants. 1 The later Kebaran period, known as the Geometric Kebaran after the shape of the microliths, overlapped with the period, also Mesolithic, that is known in the Levant as the Natufian. Kebaran sites, followed by the Natufian, are of the greatest importance for revealing the earliest evidence of communities living a settled existence with the beginnings of plant cultivation. It is here that can be seen, as James Mellaart wrote in his now classic book, The Neolithic in the Near East, the dimly emerging picture of an increasing awareness of the potentialities of the environment, the first steps towards food conservation through herding, wild grain collecting and its preparation as food and a trend, however limited, to sedentary life.
MEDITERRANEAN ISLAND FAUNA IN THE UPPER PLEISTOCENE During the Upper Pleistocene, southern Europe and the Mediterranean islands lay outside the zone of extreme cold. 9 The best known of the animals were the dwarf hippos and dwarf elephants, whose skeletal remains have been commonly found on Sicily, Sardinia, Crete, Cyprus, Malta, and Rhodes. The dwarfism of the several species of elephants and hippos, identified from their fossil remains, is assumed to have evolved from natural selection due to the restricted diet and lack of predators.
Among all species of primates, human babies are the largest, latest maturing, nutritionally costliest offspring, and yet humans breed the fastest, with an average birth interval of two to three years, while other great apes average a birth interval of six years. Hrdy accounts for this with the human capacity for shared care. Furthermore, she believes that the “seesaw” of enlisting care and giving care created the impetus for language and therefore the evolution of bigger brains and the ability for empathy with the emotions and desires of others.