Download Analyzing Grammar: An Introduction (Cambridge Textbooks in by Paul R. Kroeger PDF

By Paul R. Kroeger

Masking either syntax (the constitution of words and sentences) and morphology (the constitution of words), this ebook equips scholars with the instruments and strategies had to learn grammatical styles in any language. scholars are proven the way to use typical notational units resembling word constitution bushes and word-formation ideas, in addition to prose descriptions. Emphasis is put on evaluating different grammatical structures of the world's languages, and scholars are inspired to perform the analyses via a various diversity of challenge units and routines.

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Extra resources for Analyzing Grammar: An Introduction (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)

Sample text

So examples Constituent structure like (12b–d) support the claim that the direct object phrase in (12a) is a constituent. (12) a Saya makan [ikan besar itu]. ’ b [Ikan besar itu] saya makan. ’ c [Ikan besar itu]=lah yang saya makan. ’ d [Ikan besar itu] di-makan oleh anjing saya. ’ Another reason for identifying the phrases we have been discussing here as constituents is that they can be replaced by question words to form a content question (sometimes called a constituent question ). This is illustrated in (13).

Exercises 2A Finnish (Merrifield et al. 1987, prob. 13) Identify the morphemes and prepare a position class chart to account for the following data. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. ’ 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. ’ 2B Swahili (East Africa; Healey 1990b, ex. A-5 and Roberts 1999, ex. 5) Identify the morphemes and prepare a position class chart to account for the following data. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. ’ Additional exercises Merrifield et al. (1987) prob. 1, 4, 8, 11, 24, 28, 30, 34 Healey (1990b), ex. 15, 24 Analyzing word structure Notes 1.

12) a Saya makan [ikan besar itu]. ’ b [Ikan besar itu] saya makan. ’ c [Ikan besar itu]=lah yang saya makan. ’ d [Ikan besar itu] di-makan oleh anjing saya. ’ Another reason for identifying the phrases we have been discussing here as constituents is that they can be replaced by question words to form a content question (sometimes called a constituent question ). This is illustrated in (13). (13) a [Orang tua itu] makan [ikan besar itu]. ’ b Siapa makan [ikan besar itu]? ’ c [Orang tua itu] makan apa?

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