By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely winning textual content has lengthy been thought of a typical creation to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in earlier variants, key innovations akin to constituency, classification and serve as are rigorously defined as they're brought. Tree diagrams are used all through to aid the reader visualise the hierarchical constitution of sentences. the ultimate bankruptcy units the research within the context of generative grammar.
In this 3rd edition, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised. It has an enticing new format, extra examples, clearer causes and summaries of significant issues. an incredible swap issues the research of auxiliary verbs, which has been revised to carry it extra based on present pondering.
Clear improvement from bankruptcy to bankruptcy, including the author’s available type, make this booklet compatible for readers without past adventure of sentence research. a realistic and reader-friendly textual content, it comprises many in-text routines and end-of-chapter routines, all with solutions, and additional routines, making it compatible for self-directed examine in addition to for taught classes.
Noel Burton-Roberts is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Newcastle University. he's the writer of The Limits to discuss: a Revised idea of Semantic Presupposition (CUP 1989), the editor of Phonological wisdom: Conceptual and Empirical Issues (OUP 2000) and Pragmatics (Palgrave, 2007), and the writer of diverse articles on quite a few elements of linguistics and the English language.
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Additional info for Analysing Sentences
See also Further Exercise 3 in Chapter 1. 26 SUBJECT AND PREDICATE anything (it’s an expletive). Nevertheless, it is the subject of [10a] and there the subject of [10b] precisely because those expressions change position in the corresponding yes/no questions: [11a] [11b] Using this test, identify the subjects of the following sentences:  Some nasty accident could have occurred.  The clown in the make-up room doesn’t want to perform.  Elizabeth and Leicester are rowing on the river.  None of her attempts to give up chocolate were really serious.
A) (b) (c) (a) represents sunbathed as forming a constituent with beside a stream, and divides the sentence into just two immediate constituents: old Sam and sunbathed beside a stream. (b) also divides the sentence into two, but this time the two parts are old Sam sunbathed and beside a stream. Phrase marker (c) represents the sentence as having three immediate constituents, old Sam and sunbathed and beside a stream; it says that sunbathed forms a constituent neither with old Sam nor with beside a stream.
Phil is the subject and [dreads affectionate cats] is the predicate. Within the predicate, affectionate can be omitted (Phil dreads cats), so it must be a modifier. It’s clearly telling us about the cats. So it’s modifying cats. Cats, then, is the head of the phrase [affectionate cats]. Now for the relation between dreads and [affectionate cats]. I hope you agree that neither can be omitted. Neither *Phil affectionate cats nor *Phil dreads is a well-formed sentence. This suggests that the relation between dreads and [affectionate cats] is a (two-way) head~complement dependency.