Download America's Historic Stockyards: Livestock Hotels by J'Nell Pate PDF

By J'Nell Pate

Livestock markets for the sale and distribution of meat built as early because the days of colonial the US. within the mid-nineteenth century, as westward growth elevated and railroads constructed, stockyard businesses shaped with a view to meet the call for of a growing to be country. opposite to markets, those businesses have been centrally prepared and controlled by means of a decide on few important companions. America’s ancient Stockyards: farm animals Hotels is an exam of such stockyards, from their early beginnings to their eventual decline.

Stockyards helped to set up a few of America’s maximum towns. Early at the scene have been stockyards in towns similar to Cincinnati, another way often called “Porkopolis,” and meat stockyards and packing powerhouse Chicago, which used to be thought of the #1 cattle industry within the country. Markets quickly opened within the Midwest and finally accelerated additional westward to California and Oregon.

Other smaller markets made huge contributions to the undefined. The cow cities of citadel worthy and Wichita by no means reached the prestige of Chicago yet did have huge farm animals receipts. fortress worthy, for example, grew to become the biggest horse and mule marketplace in 1915, as global warfare I produced an elevated call for for those animals.

Meatpacking moguls referred to as the massive Four—Phillip Armour, Gustavus speedy, Nelson Morris, and Edward Cudahy—usually financed those turning out to be markets, managed the meatpacking enterprise and, in flip, the stockyards businesses. even if the individuals replaced, this oligopoly remained intact for a lot of the length of the stockyards undefined. even if, as railways gave option to highways, the markets declined and so too did those moguls. by way of the top of the 20th century, nearly each significant industry closed, bringing an finish to the stockyard era.

J’Nell Pate’s exam of this period, the folk, and the markets themselves recounts an important a part of the background of America’s meat industry.

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Extra resources for America's Historic Stockyards: Livestock Hotels

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Chain grocery stores expanded, tempting the consumer to demand top-quality, grain-fed beef and forcing the cattle industry to produce better beef. A few feedlots had existed during most of the early twentieth century, but the number of them would multiply many times in the coming decades. The number of “guests” in the livestock hotels of America began to dwindle rapidly by mid-century. C HAPTE R FIVE “H OTE L” O CCU PANCY DWI N DLE S 1950s to the Present Following the close of World War II, livestock producers in some parts of the country shifted more and more to marketing their animals at country auctions rather than the big city stockyards.

If the meat packers purchased most of the capital stock in the new stockyards adjacent to the packing plant, that was acceptable too. The creation of several thousand jobs and the resulting economic prosperity would be worth it. Some men in Oklahoma City appropriated the only automobile in town to give a grand tour to Thomas E. Wilson, who in 1910 was the executive vice president of the Nelson Morris Company. 2 Newer stockyards companies created during these years included Portland, early 1890s; South San Francisco, 1894; Oklahoma City, 1910; Ogden, 1916, and other smaller yards in California.

He said that the P&S had “adopted an attitude of masterly inactivity,” adding, “[if ] it has done anything except to proceed against a couple of yard traders for alleged insolvency . . 17 Before the end of the 1920s, Armour created a company to hold all its shares of stock in the various stockyards companies over the country, calling the new corporation General Stockyards. 18 Thus in the 1920s and 1930s the Big Five began selling off their stockyards investments and their interests in railroads, cattle loan companies, banks, market newspapers, and similar facilities which they had owned at the markets.

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