By Robert Shenk
Drawing seriously on formerly unknown assets, Robert Shenk bargains a revealing portrait of America's small Black Sea Fleet within the years following international struggle I. Home-ported in Constantinople, army ships sped to the Crimea to assist evacuate a few 150,000 White Russians, after which coordinated the grain shipments that ended a poor Russian famine. The fleet's successes in evacuating approximately 200,000 ethnic Armenian and Greek refugees from Smyrna and in rescuing tens of hundreds of thousands from mainland Turkey also are specified in complete. Shenk's incisive depiction of Admiral Mark Bristol as either head of U.S. naval forces and the United States s leader diplomat within the sector William Leahy, Thomas Kinkaid, Julian Wheeler, and diplomat Allen Dulles served below him aid to make this e-book the first-ever complete account of a necessary, yet little-known naval venture.
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Additional resources for America's Black Sea Fleet: The U.S. Navy Amidst War and Revolution, 1919-1923
11. Figures 10 and 11 clearly imply that propeller-induced hull surface pressure is highly localized in the immediate vicinity of the propeller; the pressure is reduced to a small percentage of its maximum value within one propeller radius of the maximum. There is a tendency, on the basis of this observation, to draw the false conclusion that resultant forces occurring in the general ship case should be similarly concentrated on the hull in the near region of the propeller. This common misconception is explained by the considerations of the following section.
00205. 00055, which reflects substantial cancellation. 0004 on a model of the same vessel at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In the case of the DE-1040, the surface force is smaller in amplitude than the bearing force, but this is not a generality. At any rate, the characteristics demonstrated in Figs. 11, 12, and 13 clearly indicate that measured surface pressure is a very poor measure of merit of propeller vibratory excitation. Hull vibration is produced largely by the integral of the surface pressure, the severity of which is not necessarily well represented by the magnitude of the local surface pressure distribution.
The theorem expresses reciprocal relations between forces and motions in linear dynamical systems. For the case of hull surface excitation forces resulting from propeller cavitation, 23 Fm p(z) = q(z) Vm (93) where z denotes a position in the propeller plane, and F m denotes the amplitude of a harmonically oscillating modal excitation force on the hull resulting from a similarly oscillating cavitation source having volume-rate amplitude, q˙ . On the right side, the pressure, p, is that induced at the propeller by the hull modal velocity, Vm.