Download Agricultural biotechnology: country case studies : a decade by G. J. Persley, Reginald MacIntyre PDF

By G. J. Persley, Reginald MacIntyre

Following on from past titles during this sequence, this quantity offers extra fabric generated via the realm Bank/ISNAR/Australian govt biotechnology study.It covers the current prestige and destiny customers for the applying of biotechnology to resolve agricultural and environmental difficulties in a couple of constructing nations. specific concentration is given directly to advancements that experience taken position during the last decade.

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Biotechnology and the new science of genomics, which is giving new insights into how genes function, offer a whole new range of options for how to use land. For the first time, it may be possible to design crops to suit the land and the purpose rather than having to adapt land and purpose to suit the crop. These could become important components of sustainable farming systems that combine yield increases with environmental sustainability. This is also important for developing countries where biotechnology may be able to offer new solutions to old problems of crop pests and disease in locally adapted crops, rather than trying to export conventional, chemically based agriculture with its damaging effects on biodiversity and the wider environment.

Most modern biotechnology applications are in health care, where they offer new hope to patients with AIDS, genetically inherited diseases, diabetes, influenza and some forms of cancer. Biotechnology-based processes are now used routinely in the production of most new medicines, diagnostic tools and medical therapies. The global market for these products is approximately US$13 billion. New developments in agricultural biotechnology are being used to increase the productivity of crops, primarily by reducing the costs of production by decreasing the needs for inputs of pesticides and herbicides, mostly in crops grown in temperate zones.

For example, modern biotechnology enables plant breeders to collaborate with molecular biologists and transfer to a popular and highly developed crop variety one or two specific genes needed to impart a new characteristic, such as a specific kind of pest resistance. 1. Illustrative applications of biotechnology to the goal of poverty reduction. Biotechnology applications (1–6) Poverty reduction objective Target Lack of clean Vegetative crops and seed/ trees planting material 2 3 4 5 6 7 Microbial fermentation/ biocontrol/ biofertilizers New diagnostics/ vaccines Tissue culture/ micropropagation Molecular markers and MAS Genetic engineering/ transgenics Genomics Examples Biopesticides India Plant disease Cardamom diagnostics Potato Vietnam Kenya Banana Sustainable production in resourcepoor areas More nutritious food Drought Cereals Maize Pests Maize Insect resistance Acid soils Aluminium tolerance Aluminium tolerance Vitamins Rice Micronutrients Rice Drought tolerance in cereals Vit.

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