By Robert D. Van Valin Jr.
This quantity provides learn on significant concerns in syntactic concept inside function and Reference Grammar. This concept used to be first offered intimately in Functional Syntax and common Grammar [FSUG], and those papers symbolize either expansions and functions of the speculation to a variety of phenomena. the 1st part includes an advent to the idea that's the main thorough assertion of it in view that FSUG, summarizing the positive aspects of function and Reference Grammar tested there and constructing new theoretical parts and analyses of syntactic phenomena no longer mentioned within the past paintings. through the dialogue positive factors of RRG are in comparison and contrasted with related beneficial properties of alternative syntactic theories. the rest of the quantity is dedicated to unique analyses of particular difficulties, e.g. keep watch over, case marking, in a wide selection of languages, e.g. Mandarin chinese language, Nootka, Mparntwe Arrernte and Turkish. hence the works offered the following illustrate good the powerful cross-linguistic method of syntactic idea and outline in position and Reference Grammar.
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Extra info for Advances in Role and Reference Grammar
I. STATE VERBS A. Locational B. Non-Locational 1. State or condition 2. Perception 3. Cognition 4. Possession 5. Equational II. ACTIVITY VERBS A. Uncontrolled 1. Non-motion 2. Motion B. Controlled be-at' (x,y) χ = locative, 23 y = theme broken' (x) see' (x,y) believe' (x,y) have' (x,y) be'(x,y) χ χ χ χ χ = = = = = patient experiencer, y = theme experiencer, y = theme locative, y = theme locative, y = theme cry' (x) or eat' (,) χ = effector, y =: locative roll' (x) χ = theme DO (x, [cry' (x)]) χ = agent Table 4 In terms of these definitions, in (20a) the watch is a patient, the single argument of a single-argument stative verb of state or condition, Max and the magazine are themes, the second arguments of two-place stative verbs, 40 ROBERT D.
Lambrecht (1988) also shows that there is no evidence for an NP-VP bipartite structure in sen tence focus constructions cross-linguistically. The clearest syntactic evi dence for a VP-like category in English comes from imperatives, so-called "VP fronting" and "VP anaphora", as in (18). A SYNOPSIS OF ROLE AND REFERENCE GRAMMAR 33 (18) a. Open the doorl·1 b. / expected to find someone mowing the lawn, and mowing the lawn was John. c. Q: Who mowed the lawn? : did. In an imperative the subject is omitted, leaving the verb plus its object, a VP-like grouping.
Defìniteness is the NP-level counterpart to the IF clausal operator, and it is the outermost operator over the NP. It is represented in a separate operator projection. Each of the NPs in Figure 10 would be given a double projection like this in a complete rep resentation. 12 One of the major parallels between NPs and Ss posited by Jackendoff and Chomsky is that both have structurally defined subject positions, and this particular similarity is specifically denied in the RRG account. There are two main reasons for this.