Download A Theory of Universals: Volume 2: Universals and Scientific by D. M. Armstrong PDF

By D. M. Armstrong

It is a research, in volumes, of 1 of the longest-standing philosophical difficulties: the matter of universals. In quantity I David Armstrong surveys and criticizes the most techniques and ideas to the issues which have been canvassed, rejecting many of the types of nominalism and 'Platonic' realism. In quantity II he develops an enormous thought of his personal, an goal concept of universals established now not on linguistic conventions, yet at the real and power findings of traditional technological know-how. He therefore reconciles a realism approximately features and relatives with an empiricist epistemology. the idea permits, too, for a powerful clarification of normal legislation as kinfolk among those universals.

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Extra info for A Theory of Universals: Volume 2: Universals and Scientific Realism (v. 2)

Sample text

Utterance)), so all language flows from this source. But this ((Infinite Word)) is filled with all dimensions of Reality . . every conceivable category is always already originally co-constituted in this ((Boundless Word Power)): thus it is also ((Infinite Mind)), ((Thought)), ((Consciousness)), ((Knowing)) . . so ((Word)) and the full spectrum of (((Mind)) mutually constitute one another as ((MindWord)); again, this ((Original Word)) issues forth as ((Primal Source = Force = Cause . )), and the ((Primal Space of Reality)) is thus already manifest in this ((Infinite Word)), thus forming the primal continuum of ((MindWordWorld)) .

Yet these issues were as fundamental as they were urgent in the human condition for cultural discourse and personal relations as humanity faced the challenges of globalization in entering the modern world. But these two clusters of ultimate concerns—the foundation of logic/rationality and its quest for the fundamental grammar of thought, together with explorations in the foundation of ontology and the concerns of understanding the grammar of being and discourse between worlds—would converge in the expanded space of first philosophy.

And the grammar of thought is clearly First in the sense that it constitutes the conditions for all other disciplines and narrative forms that presuppose and proceed within this grammar or rational space. The grammar of thought (the logic of language) rules and presides over whatever particular content or subject matter is being thought or narrated. And the presumption for First Philosophy is that if and when we have the rational form of thought or language, we thereby have the key to discerning the content or particular subject matter that shows up in and through this presiding form.

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