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By Ki-dong Yi

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Example text

Only one more effect of the sandhi changes remains to be mentioned, the application of the voicing rule before the 1st person plural 40 Henning Andersen marker in (e)zmy; cf. (19). In the analysis of the person and number markers in sec. 5, I identified a morpheme -s- occurring in the person and number markers of the 2nd singular and the 1st and 2nd plural. There is no doubt that originally this segment was voiceless. There is no doubt either that it is followed by a morpheme boundary. But there is no way of deciding, in any dialect of Polish, whether synchronically the (de)voicing sandhi rules apply at this morpheme boundary.

Niosl-em Ί carried' niosl-es 'you carried' niost 'he carried' b. )' wiozl-es 'you drove' wiorf 'he drove' [-ta-] [-ta-] Northeast Front Auxiliary to Desinence 39 It is significant that in some dialects, including the ones on which standard Polish is based, the 1st and 2nd person singular masculine forms exemplified in (17) were remade, already by the 1500's, so that they are formed with the allomorph of the /-form used in the feminine and neuter singular and the (now) non-virile plural, cf. (18).

And the original /-participles can be reinterpreted as finite non-present forms, the -/- in particular as the preterite ('distal tense') marker. Both of these reinterpretations are covert and hence difficult to pinpoint in time. It is not certain that they occurred immediately when the conditions for them arose, but it is certain that they did occur. Polish historical grammars have traditionally spoken of the person and number markers as 'auxiliaries' with reference to all periods of the history of the language (thus also Decaux 1955 and Rittel 1975), just as they have called the original /-participles 'participles'.

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