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By Angela Terrill

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Extra info for A grammar of Lavukaleve: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands

Example text

The third is a process in which the final /u/ of a verb stem is lost when that verb is in a Possessor-subject construction. REDUCTION OF IDENTICAL VOWEL SEQUENCES AT MORPHEME BOUNDARIES When identical vowels come together at morpheme boundaries, one of the vowels is lost. daylight had not come yet... hr1 002 The negative verbal suffix -la plus the singular feminine agreement suffix -a reduce to -la: 7) vonam vo3plO- nam to kini kini ACT laveala lavea appear -la -a -NEG -sgf feo. they were still playing, but she didnÕt show herself to them.

The realisation of the Nominaliser suffix as zero after /e/ or /i/ is an example of the previous morphophonemic rule discussed: reduction of identical vowel sequences at morpheme boundaries. 1 for discussion of this Nominaliser suffix. V OCATIVE VOWEL CHANGE The other kind of morphophonemic change which operates to alter vowel quality is of a rather different nature, and is perhaps not, strictly speaking, a morphophonemic process. Unlike the other morphophonemic processes described above, this process is not just a surface formal phenomenon; its occurrence must be described in terms of its pragmatic environment.

There is a marginal voicing distinction, in the two bilabial stops (p, b) and the two alveolar stops (t, d), but this distinction pertains mostly to loan words. There are three fricative phonemes (f, s, h), two approximants: a voiced velar approximant (g) and an unrounded bilabial approximant (v), and one rhotic and one lateral. There is a five-vowel system (i, e, a, o, u). Unusually for the region4 there is no contrasting series of oral versus prenasalised stops (although prenasalised allophones of the voiced stops do exist).

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