By Frantiek Kratochvíl
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Extra resources for A grammar of Abui: a Papuan language of Alor, Part 2
23644 0 Time (s) Figure 2: bataa ‘wood, tree’ Minimal pairs that illustrate the distinction between /ɛ/ vs. /eː/ are given in examples (12) and (13): (12) /ɛ/~/eː/ /bɑ’lɛj/ /bɑ’leː/ /bɑ’leːj/ 3 balei balee baleei ‘be around, surround’ ‘sweet potato’ ‘banana’ All figures were created using the Praat program written by Boersma and Weenink (2006). near-PFV ‘scorpion’ Phonetic properties of the minimal pair given in (13) are illustrated in Figure 3. ’ ~ nee ‘eat’ Finally, the distinction between the long and short vowel /u/, /ɔ/ vs.
22) /m/ /mɑ’rɛl/ /’maːmɑ/ /jɑm’buk/ /nɔm/ marel maama yambuk no-m ‘bat’ ‘father’ ‘glass’ ‘inside me’ PHONOLOGY 33 In (23), the nasal /n/ occurs in a single case as word medial coda. The noun tukonrek ‘stick’ is possibly derived from the verb tukon ‘cut’. (23) /n/ /nɛŋ/ /’naːnɑ/ /tukɔn’rɛk/ /mɔn/ neng naana tukonrek mon ‘man’ ‘older sibling’ ‘stick’ ‘snake’ As illustrated in (24), the nasal /ŋ/ does not occur as word-initial onsets. ’ lu fala ‘river’ ‘house’ kamol ‘basket for betel nut’ fe tofa ‘pig’ ‘shelter’ /r/ /rɑ’fuŋ/ /bɪ’rɑ/ /mur’tɪk/ /tur/ (26) tenga angmona lakangfak song /l/ /lu/ /fɑ’lɑ/ *CV[l]CV# /kɑmɔl/ (27) /f/ /fɛ/ /tɔ’fɑ/ *CV[f]CV# *CV[f]# 34 (28) CHAPTER II /s/ /sɛ’rɑŋ/ /mɑ’sɑŋ/ serang masang ‘clan’ ‘sanctuary, Ind.
The noun fala ‘house’ in (b) may not combine with the REC prefix. (10) a. na Simon ho-làk-i b. REC-house In (11), I give three examples of stem alternation. Verb stems alternate to encode events with distinct telic properties. There are three basic distinctions made depending on the inner temporal structure of the event. Inceptive stems (ICP) indicate events that have an initial point. Completive stems (CPL) indicate events that have a final point. Continuative stems (CNT) indicate events that are viewed as having neither initial nor final point.