By Evelien Keizer
This is often the 1st textbook on sensible Discourse Grammar, a lately built idea of language constitution which analyses utterances at 4 autonomous degrees of grammatical illustration: pragmatic, semantic, morphosyntactic and phonological. The e-book bargains a truly systematic and hugely obtainable creation to the speculation: following the top-down association of the version, it takes the reader step by step notwithstanding some of the degrees of research (from pragmatics right down to phonology), whereas even as delivering an in depth account of the interplay among those assorted degrees. the various workouts, categorised in keeping with measure of trouble, make sure that scholars are challenged to exploit the idea in an inventive demeanour, and invite them to check and assessment the idea via using it to the recent info in numerous linguistic contexts.
Evelien Keizer makes use of examples from various assets to illustrate how the idea of practical Discourse Grammar can be utilized to examine and clarify crucial practical and formal gains of present-day English. The booklet additionally comprises examples from a large choice of different typologically various languages, making it beautiful not just to scholars of English linguistics yet to somebody attracted to linguistic idea extra typically.
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Additional info for A Functional Discourse Grammar for English
This is taken as evidence that a level of interpersonal organization is relevant in the analysis of linguistic utterances. (8) A: Get out of here! B: Don’t talk to me like that! The Interpersonal Level will be discussed in more detail in Chapter 3. 3. The Representational Level The Representational Level deals with the semantic aspects of a linguistic unit. The term ‘semantics’ is used in a very speciﬁc way in FDG, in that it is restricted to the ways in which language relates to (represents) the real or imagined world it describes.
The different possible combinations lead to a large number of templates, which can be reduced to a limited number of macrotemplates. A sentence like (13a), for instance, would satisfy the macrotemplate in (13b) (Hengeveld and Mackenzie 2008: 295): (13) a. I saw him in London on Thursday with his mother in a car on several occasions. b. (Cl1: [(Np1) (Vp1) (Np2) (Adpp1+N)] Cl) Just like units at the Interpersonal and Representational Levels, units at the Morphosyntactic Level can be anaphorically referred to.
Finally, within the Communicated Content, one or more Subacts of Reference (R1) and Ascription (T1) are evoked by the Speaker. In the previous section, we saw that the production of a linguistic utterance requires, ﬁrst of all, the selection of the appropriate frame(s), deﬁning the possible combinations of elements at each layer. A possible frame at the layer of the Communicated Content would be the following (the relevant frame is given in bold):1 (7) (Å C1: [(T1)FOC (R1)TOP]: Æ C)È where Å = one or more operators Æ = one or more modiﬁers (at the layer of C) È = the function of the linguistic unit Here the Communicated Content (C1) consists of two subacts, each with a pragmatic function: a Subact of Ascription (T1) which is assigned Focus function and a Subact of Reference (R1), functioning as the Topic.